Dog Sniff of Car Improper If Driver Driving on the Shoulder

Our office really likes the following U.S. Supreme Court opinion that holds that the duration of a traffic stop is limited to the time reasonably necessary to address the “seizure’s mission.”  This means that a detention which exceeds this duration is a prolonged detention and any search taking place thereafter is a Fourth Amendment violation unless new suspicions by the officer support such a continued detention and search.  The case certainly must be used carefully, but is still potentially good.  To read a summary about the opinion, click here.

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