Officer-induced confusion excuses a DUI driver’s refusal to submit to a breath, blood or urine test. It takes place when three requirements are met. First, the officer must create confusion in the mind of the DUI suspect as to what his legal obligations are to submit to a breath or blood test and the legal consequences are of refusing to submit to such a test. Second – and this is the most difficult part – the officer must acknowledge that he confused the driver (the driver cannot solely claim this). Third, the officer must have failed to clarify or correct the confusion he created. To read more about this excuse to a refusal, please click on the following link.