Most people would agree that the person who commits murder by lying in wait for the victim is a textbook case of first-degree murder. It is the epitome of premeditation and deliberation. However, what degree of murder is assigned to someone who aids or abets the person who lies in wait? Would that person be convicted of murder under a natural and probable consequences theory? Would it matter what the aider and abettor knew before the murder took place? To read a summary of a recent Fourth Appellate District Court ruling on this issue, please click on the following link.